Sustainable development depends on significant improvements in the efficient use of resources. It requires a holistic global life cycle perspective from producers to end consumers, especially in a closed loop fashion. Consequently, communities, governmental and business organisations have sought methods for the reuse, recycling, remanufacturing and recovery of products and materials, thereby extending their useful life and reducing quantities of waste. The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target “doing more and better with less”, which means that decreasing resource utilization, degradation, and pollution along the entire life cycle, together with an increase in lifestyle quality, can improve the social benefits of economic activities. The resulting paradigm shift has been popularly and broadly termed as the circular economy (CE).

 At icRS 2020, we will particularly welcome interdisciplinary contributions that involve natural sciences, social sciences, and engineering. We define resources broadly to include physical resources, biological resources, and “misplaced” resources:

  •  physical resources: metals, non-metallic minerals, energy, water, etc.
  •  biological resources: food, forestry, land, ecological systems, etc.
  •  "misplaced" resources: air emissions, water pollutants, solid waste

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